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Constitutional Law Readings for Turkey Fatih Öztürk

Constitutional Law Readings for Turkey

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Constitutional Law Readings for Turkey
Constitutional Law Readings for Turkey
Filiz Kitabevi
23.75
<p>Contents</p> <div> <p>Acknowledgements............................................................................................ IX</p> <p>Preface............................................................................................................... XI</p> <p>Contents.......................................................................................................... XIII</p> <p>1. The Modern World and Minorities.............................................................. 1</p> <p>A)Individual vs. Collective Rights...................................................................... 4</p> <p>B)Will Kymlicka's Liberal Theory of Minority Rights........................................ 9</p> <p>C) Failure of Liberal Democracies or Lucas Swaine's "Liberal Conscience"..... 24</p> <p>D) Ayelet Shachar and Joint Governance........................................................... 29</p> <p>E) Concluding Remarks..................................................................................... 35</p> <p>2. Terror and Law............................................................................................ 37</p> <p>A) Detaining Terror Suspects in the USA and</p> <p>Turkey: A Comparison of the Patriot Act and the Anti-Terror</p> <p>Law.................................................................................................................... 37</p> <p>Introduction........................................................................................................ 37</p> <p>I. Historical Background.................................................................................... 39</p> <p>a) Terror in Turkey............................................................................................. 39</p> <p>b) Why Turkey Enacted the Anti-Terror Law.................................................... 41</p> <p>c) Terror in the USA.......................................................................................... 42</p> <p>d) Did US Need the Patriot Act......................................................................... 44</p> <p>II. The Detention of Suspected Terrorists and Practices in Turkey</p> <p>and the USA....................................................................................................... 45</p> <p>a) Turkish Practices............................................................................................ 46</p> <p>b)US Practices.................................................................................................. 51</p> <p>III. The European Court Standards for the Detention of Suspected Terrorists... 54</p> <p>IV. Concluding Remarks................................................................................... 59</p> <p>B) The Right to Silence in the Turkish Criminal Law................................ 6?t</p> <p>I. Acquiring the Status of the Accused............................................................... 61</p> <p>II. Classification of the Rights of the Accused in Turkish Law.......................... 63</p> </div> <p>III. The Right to Silence in Turkey....................................................................... 64</p> <p>a)General............................................................................................................. 64</p> <p>b) The Right to Silence in Turkish Law................................................................ 66</p> <p>c)Other Legal Systems........................................................................................ 70</p> <p>IV. Closing Remarks and Conclusion................................................................... 70</p> <p>C) Indefinite Detention in Foreign Legal Systems and Considering Foreign Sources in a U.S. Court When Examining the Constitutionality of the Patriot Act..................................................................................................... 73</p> <p>I. Anti-Terror Laws.............................................................................................. 73</p> <p>a) U.K.: Under the Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001....................... 73</p> <p>b) Canada: Following Bill C- 36.......................................................................... 75</p> <p>c) Turkey: Anti-Terror Law................................................................................. 76</p> <p>II. Applying Foreign Sources in a U.S. Court...................................................... 77</p> <p>3. The Right to A Remedy in Turkey: from the Ottoman Era to the Republic of Turkey 79</p> <p>I.Historical Background...................................................................................... 80</p> <p>The Ottoman Constitutional Period, the Constitution of 1876 ............................ 84</p> <p>The Republic of Turkey, the Constitution of 1921................................................ 85</p> <p>The Constitution of 1924 .................................................................................... 86</p> <p>The Constitution of 1961 ..................................................................................... 88</p> <p>The Constitution 1982.......................................................................................... 88</p> <p>II. The UHD and ICCPR and Turkey.................................................................. 89</p> <p>III. Reaching Human Rights Using European Union Instruments........................ 95</p> <p>IV.Conclusion................................................................................................... 102</p> <p>4. The Concept of Judicial Independence and the Removal of Superior Court Judges from Office in the Canadian</p> <p>Judicial System................................................................................................ 105</p> <p>I. Meaning of the Term "Judicial Independence" around the World</p> <p>and in Canadian Law.......................................................................................... 107</p> <p>A) Elements of Judicial Independence............................................................... 108</p> <p>B)Judicial Independence in Canadian Law....................................................... 110</p> <p>II. Key Elements of Judicial Independence and Supreme</p> <p>Court of Canada................................................................................................. 112</p> <p>A) Security of Tenure........................................................................................ 114</p> <p>B) Financial Security......................................................................................... 116</p> <p>C)Institutional (Administrative) Independence................................................. 120</p> <p>III. The Canadian Judicial Council and Appointment and Removal Process for Superior Court Judges 122</p> <p>A) Appointment and Removal Process: Law and Politics.................................. 123</p> <p>B) The Landreville Affair................................................................................... 125</p> <p>C) The Gratton Inquiry....................................................................................... 127</p> <p>D) Other Inquiries.............................................................................................. 128</p> <p>a) Decision of the Justice Flahiff Inquiry Committee................................ 128</p> <p>b) The CJC Report to the Justice Minister Regarding Mr. Justice Jean-Guy Boilard of the Superior Court of Quebec 129</p> <p>IV. Conclusions.................................................................................................. 130</p> <p>Review of an Article: "Foreword: A Judge on Judging: The Role</p> <p>of a Supreme Court in a Democracy".................................................................. 131</p> <p>5. McCarthyism Era in the USA from the Perspective of Civil Liberties and the Turkish Version of McCarthyism: February 28, 1997 to Post-Modern Military Coup and</p> <p>Destroying Civil Liberties in Turkey............................................................. 134</p> <p>I. Introduction.................................................................................................... 134</p> <p>II. McCarthyism Era and Civil Liberties in America.......................................... 136</p> <p>III. Post-Modern Military Coup of February 28, 1997 and Civil</p> <p>Liberties.............................................................................................................. 145</p> <p>IV. Concluding Remarks.................................................................................... 153</p> <p>6. Turkish Military Interventions and Building</p> <p>Constitutions: the IBulwarks of an Unstable Democracy........................... 156</p> <p>Abstract............................................................................................................... 156</p> <p>Introduction........................................................................................................ 156</p> <p>Chapter One (Geopolitics in a Turkish Context)................................................. 160</p> <p>A)An Overview of Turkey's History and Geopolitics....................................... 161</p> <p>B) Turkey's Administrative System.................................................................... 162</p> <p>C) The Legal System of Turkey......................................................................... 163</p> <p>D) Road to the European Union Membership................................................... 165</p> <p>E) Conclusion..................................................................................................... 167</p> <p>Chapter Two (Constitutions and Military Coup D'etats in Turkey).................... 168</p> <p>A)Brief History of Turkish Constitutions.......................................................... 168</p> <p>a) The Constitution of 1876...................................................................... 169</p> <p>b) The Constitution of 1921...................................................................... 172</p> <p>c) The Constitution of 1924...................................................................... 173</p> <p>B) Military Coup D'etats and Making Constitutions in the</p> <p>Republic of Turkey................................................................................... 174</p> <p>a) The First Military Coup in 1960 and the Constitution</p> <p>of 1961..................................................................................................... 176</p> <p>b) The Military Intervention of 1971 and Constitutional</p> <p>Amendments............................................................................................. 184</p> <p>C) Conclusion............................................................................................ 186</p> <p>Chapter Three (Problems of Turkish Democracy and the Last</p> <p>Twenty-Five Years..................................................................................................... 188</p> <p>A) The term of 1980-1983: From Military Power to a Civilian Government and the Establishment of the Constitution of 1982 188</p> <p>B) Separation of Power &amp; Check and Balance.......................................... 1%</p> <p>C) Executive Branch and the National Security Council........................... 201</p> <p>a) President............................................................................................... 203</p> <p>b) Cabinet.................................................................................................. 212</p> <p>c) The National Security Council and the Post-Modern</p> <p>Military Coup...................................................................................... 214</p> <p>i) The NSC......................................................................................... 214</p> <p>ii) The Post-Modern Military Coup.................................................... 218</p> <p>D) The Republic of the Turkish Military................................................... 226</p> <p>a) The Office of the Chief of the General Staff......................................... 227</p> <p>b) The Military Judiciary System.............................................................. 229</p> <p>c) Martial Law Regime.............................................................................. 231</p> <p>d) Military Discipline, the Supreme Military Council, and</p> <p>Military Education............................................................................... 232</p> <p>e) Other Serious Military Privileges.......................................................... 233</p> <p>i) Military Budgets and Spending........................................................ 233</p> <p>ii) Military in the Economy................................................................. 234</p> <p>iii)National Intelligence Organization and the Military....................... 236</p> <p>E) Conclusion........................................................................................... 237</p> <p>Recommendations....................................................................................................... 237</p> <p>Selected Bibliography (Military in Turkey)................................................................. 241</p>
  • Açıklama
    • Contents

      Acknowledgements............................................................................................ IX

      Preface............................................................................................................... XI

      Contents.......................................................................................................... XIII

      1. The Modern World and Minorities.............................................................. 1

      A)Individual vs. Collective Rights...................................................................... 4

      B)Will Kymlicka's Liberal Theory of Minority Rights........................................ 9

      C) Failure of Liberal Democracies or Lucas Swaine's "Liberal Conscience"..... 24

      D) Ayelet Shachar and Joint Governance........................................................... 29

      E) Concluding Remarks..................................................................................... 35

      2. Terror and Law............................................................................................ 37

      A) Detaining Terror Suspects in the USA and

      Turkey: A Comparison of the Patriot Act and the Anti-Terror

      Law.................................................................................................................... 37

      Introduction........................................................................................................ 37

      I. Historical Background.................................................................................... 39

      a) Terror in Turkey............................................................................................. 39

      b) Why Turkey Enacted the Anti-Terror Law.................................................... 41

      c) Terror in the USA.......................................................................................... 42

      d) Did US Need the Patriot Act......................................................................... 44

      II. The Detention of Suspected Terrorists and Practices in Turkey

      and the USA....................................................................................................... 45

      a) Turkish Practices............................................................................................ 46

      b)US Practices.................................................................................................. 51

      III. The European Court Standards for the Detention of Suspected Terrorists... 54

      IV. Concluding Remarks................................................................................... 59

      B) The Right to Silence in the Turkish Criminal Law................................ 6?t

      I. Acquiring the Status of the Accused............................................................... 61

      II. Classification of the Rights of the Accused in Turkish Law.......................... 63

      III. The Right to Silence in Turkey....................................................................... 64

      a)General............................................................................................................. 64

      b) The Right to Silence in Turkish Law................................................................ 66

      c)Other Legal Systems........................................................................................ 70

      IV. Closing Remarks and Conclusion................................................................... 70

      C) Indefinite Detention in Foreign Legal Systems and Considering Foreign Sources in a U.S. Court When Examining the Constitutionality of the Patriot Act..................................................................................................... 73

      I. Anti-Terror Laws.............................................................................................. 73

      a) U.K.: Under the Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001....................... 73

      b) Canada: Following Bill C- 36.......................................................................... 75

      c) Turkey: Anti-Terror Law................................................................................. 76

      II. Applying Foreign Sources in a U.S. Court...................................................... 77

      3. The Right to A Remedy in Turkey: from the Ottoman Era to the Republic of Turkey 79

      I.Historical Background...................................................................................... 80

      The Ottoman Constitutional Period, the Constitution of 1876 ............................ 84

      The Republic of Turkey, the Constitution of 1921................................................ 85

      The Constitution of 1924 .................................................................................... 86

      The Constitution of 1961 ..................................................................................... 88

      The Constitution 1982.......................................................................................... 88

      II. The UHD and ICCPR and Turkey.................................................................. 89

      III. Reaching Human Rights Using European Union Instruments........................ 95

      IV.Conclusion................................................................................................... 102

      4. The Concept of Judicial Independence and the Removal of Superior Court Judges from Office in the Canadian

      Judicial System................................................................................................ 105

      I. Meaning of the Term "Judicial Independence" around the World

      and in Canadian Law.......................................................................................... 107

      A) Elements of Judicial Independence............................................................... 108

      B)Judicial Independence in Canadian Law....................................................... 110

      II. Key Elements of Judicial Independence and Supreme

      Court of Canada................................................................................................. 112

      A) Security of Tenure........................................................................................ 114

      B) Financial Security......................................................................................... 116

      C)Institutional (Administrative) Independence................................................. 120

      III. The Canadian Judicial Council and Appointment and Removal Process for Superior Court Judges 122

      A) Appointment and Removal Process: Law and Politics.................................. 123

      B) The Landreville Affair................................................................................... 125

      C) The Gratton Inquiry....................................................................................... 127

      D) Other Inquiries.............................................................................................. 128

      a) Decision of the Justice Flahiff Inquiry Committee................................ 128

      b) The CJC Report to the Justice Minister Regarding Mr. Justice Jean-Guy Boilard of the Superior Court of Quebec 129

      IV. Conclusions.................................................................................................. 130

      Review of an Article: "Foreword: A Judge on Judging: The Role

      of a Supreme Court in a Democracy".................................................................. 131

      5. McCarthyism Era in the USA from the Perspective of Civil Liberties and the Turkish Version of McCarthyism: February 28, 1997 to Post-Modern Military Coup and

      Destroying Civil Liberties in Turkey............................................................. 134

      I. Introduction.................................................................................................... 134

      II. McCarthyism Era and Civil Liberties in America.......................................... 136

      III. Post-Modern Military Coup of February 28, 1997 and Civil

      Liberties.............................................................................................................. 145

      IV. Concluding Remarks.................................................................................... 153

      6. Turkish Military Interventions and Building

      Constitutions: the IBulwarks of an Unstable Democracy........................... 156

      Abstract............................................................................................................... 156

      Introduction........................................................................................................ 156

      Chapter One (Geopolitics in a Turkish Context)................................................. 160

      A)An Overview of Turkey's History and Geopolitics....................................... 161

      B) Turkey's Administrative System.................................................................... 162

      C) The Legal System of Turkey......................................................................... 163

      D) Road to the European Union Membership................................................... 165

      E) Conclusion..................................................................................................... 167

      Chapter Two (Constitutions and Military Coup D'etats in Turkey).................... 168

      A)Brief History of Turkish Constitutions.......................................................... 168

      a) The Constitution of 1876...................................................................... 169

      b) The Constitution of 1921...................................................................... 172

      c) The Constitution of 1924...................................................................... 173

      B) Military Coup D'etats and Making Constitutions in the

      Republic of Turkey................................................................................... 174

      a) The First Military Coup in 1960 and the Constitution

      of 1961..................................................................................................... 176

      b) The Military Intervention of 1971 and Constitutional

      Amendments............................................................................................. 184

      C) Conclusion............................................................................................ 186

      Chapter Three (Problems of Turkish Democracy and the Last

      Twenty-Five Years..................................................................................................... 188

      A) The term of 1980-1983: From Military Power to a Civilian Government and the Establishment of the Constitution of 1982 188

      B) Separation of Power & Check and Balance.......................................... 1%

      C) Executive Branch and the National Security Council........................... 201

      a) President............................................................................................... 203

      b) Cabinet.................................................................................................. 212

      c) The National Security Council and the Post-Modern

      Military Coup...................................................................................... 214

      i) The NSC......................................................................................... 214

      ii) The Post-Modern Military Coup.................................................... 218

      D) The Republic of the Turkish Military................................................... 226

      a) The Office of the Chief of the General Staff......................................... 227

      b) The Military Judiciary System.............................................................. 229

      c) Martial Law Regime.............................................................................. 231

      d) Military Discipline, the Supreme Military Council, and

      Military Education............................................................................... 232

      e) Other Serious Military Privileges.......................................................... 233

      i) Military Budgets and Spending........................................................ 233

      ii) Military in the Economy................................................................. 234

      iii)National Intelligence Organization and the Military....................... 236

      E) Conclusion........................................................................................... 237

      Recommendations....................................................................................................... 237

      Selected Bibliography (Military in Turkey)................................................................. 241

      Stok Kodu
      :
      AAJ
      Boyut
      :
      16.5x23.5
      Sayfa Sayısı
      :
      245
      Basım Yeri
      :
      İstanbul
      Baskı
      :
      1
      Basım Tarihi
      :
      2008
      Kapak Türü
      :
      Karton Kapak
      Kağıt Türü
      :
      1.Hamur
      Dili
      :
      İngilizce
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